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Physical Environmental Accounts - 2024

Physical Environmental Accounts 
Course LeaderJasmin Gülden-Sterzl
Target Group
  • Statisticians involved in compiling data on economy-wide material flow accounts (EW-MFA), air emission accounts (AEA) or physical energy flow accounts (PEFA) under Regulation (EU) 691/2011.
  • Specialists in one of the areas listed above who need to improve their knowledge of the other areas listed above.
  • Managers with responsibility on several or all the areas listed above
Entry Qualifications
  • Sound command of English (passive and actively). Participants should be able to make short interventions and presentations and to actively participate in discussions and group exercises (e.g. PowerPoint or flip chart presentations).
  • Basic knowledge on energy statistics, national accounts, environmental economic accounting on national level
Objective(s)The course will provide participants with information on theory (methodological framework) and practical challenges in the context of the compilation of Physical Environmental Accounts (Eurostat questionnaires).












Session overview (circa ½ day)

  • Introduction to the international statistical standard ‘System of Environmental Economic Accounting (SEEA CF)’ with an emphasis on physical environmental accounts.
  • Applications and political needs of environmental accounts.
  • Existing physical environmental accounts in the EU: EW-MFA, PEFA, AEA. Brief reference to water accounts. Brief reference to asset accounts (e.g. water, subsoil assets).
  • European Strategy for Environmental Accounts. Regulation 691/2011 and voluntary data in Eurostat data collections.


Session on air emissions accounts - AEA (circa ½ day)

  • Methodological framework for AEA. Definitions
  • Classifications
  • Eurostat data requirements: AEA questionnaire and how to fill it, obligatory parts for Regulation 691/2011 and voluntary parts.
  • Basic approaches to compile AEA. Source data.
  • Compilation methods: inventory-first approach, energy first approach. Bridge tables. Practical challenges.
  • Practical examples



Session on physical energy flow accounts - PEFA (circa ½ day)

  • Methodological framework for PEFA. Overview of set of tables. Definitions. Methodologies
  • Classifications. Delegated act 2016/172 on energy products for PEFA
  • Eurostat data requirements: questionnaire on PEFA and how to fill it, obligatory parts for Regulation 691/2011 and voluntary parts
  • Source data for PEFA (IEA/Eurostat annual questionnaires for energy statistics). Introduction to compilation tools (PEFA-Builder). Practical challenges
  • Practical examples


Session on economy-wide material flow accounts - EW-MFA

(circa 1 day)

  • Methodological framework for EW-MFA. Overview of set of tables. Concept, definitions, methods, challenges.
  • Classifications
  • Eurostat data requirements: questionnaire on EW-MFA accounts and how to fill it, obligatory parts for regulation 691/2011 and voluntary parts
  • Concepts, methods, data, estimations, and challenges on the compilation of DE, trade, RME, and DPO.
  • Basic approaches to compile the EW-MFA questionnaire tables.
  • Practical challenges
  • Practical examples
  • Introduction to MFA-RME


Session on common elements and compilation challenges (circa ½ day)

  • Footprints (consumption-based accounting)
  • Accounting of international flows
  • Allocation of emissions and energy uses to NACE industries and households


Session on communication and dissemination (circa ½ day)

  • Using environmental accounts data for policy needs
  • Presentations and interpretations of physical environmental accounts data
  • Environmental accounts data complementing other data sources about environment.
Expected OutcomeBetter understanding of Physical Environmental Accounts and basic knowledge on how to compile international questionnaires.
Training Methods
  • Presentations and lectures
  • Exchange of views/experiences on national practices
  • Exercises
Required ReadingCopies of the presentation materials.
Suggested Reading

Reference material (handbooks, questionnaires, etc.) is found in:

Required Preparationn/a


Jasmin Gülden Sterzl (Statistics Austria)

Sacha Baud (Statistics Austria)

Milla Neubauer (Statistics Austria)


Practical Information    
WhenDurationWhereOrganiserApplication  via National Contact Point
17–20.06.20243,5 daysOn-lineICON-INSTITUT Public Sector GmbHDeadline: 08.04.2024